1. Having a peculiar, acrid, biting taste, like that of wormwood or an infusion of hops; as, a bitter medicine; bitter as aloes.
2. Causing pain or smart; piercing; painful; sharp; severe; as, a bitter cold day.
3. Causing, or fitted to cause, pain or distress to the mind; calamitous; poignant.
"It is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the Lord thy God. Jer. ii. 19." --
4. Characterized by sharpness, severity, or cruelty; harsh; stern; virulent; as, bitter reproach.
"Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them. Col. iii. 19." --
5. Mournful; sad; distressing; painful; pitiable.
"The Egyptians . . . made their lives bitter with hard bondage. Ex. i. 14." --
(Bot.) See Colocynth.
(Bot.), a plant of the genus Cardamine, esp. C. amara.
(Min.), tale earth; calcined magnesia.
(Chem.), a class of substances, extracted from vegetable products, having strong bitter taste but with no sharply defined chemical characteristics.
Epsom salts; magnesium sulphate.
(Bot.), a name given to two European leguminous herbs, Vicia Orobus and Ervum Ervilia.
To the bitter end
to the last extremity, however calamitous.
Syn. -- Acrid; sharp; harsh; pungent; stinging; cutting; severe; acrimonious.