1. One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets, etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic weight, 206.4. Symbol Pb (L. Plumbum). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena, lead sulphide.
2. An article made of lead or an alloy of lead; as: (a) A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea. (b) (Print.) A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing. (c) Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs; hence, pl., a roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.
"I would have the tower two stories, and goodly leads upon the top." -- Bacon
3. A small cylinder of black lead or plumbago, used in pencils.
graphite or plumbago; -- so called from its leadlike appearance and streak. [Colloq.]
a sounding lead intermediate in weight between a hand lead and deep-sea lead.
Deep- sea lead
the heaviest of sounding leads, used in water exceeding a hundred fathoms in depth. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
a small lead use for sounding in shallow water.
[so called from Krems or Kremnitz, in Austria], a pure variety of white lead, formed into tablets, and called also Krems, or Kremnitz, white, and Vienna white.
tallow put in the hollow of a sounding lead. See To arm the lead (below).
See under Colic.
a deep bluish gray color, like tarnished lead.
(Min.) Same as Galena.
(a) (Med.) A dark line along the gums produced by a deposit of metallic lead, due to lead poisoning. (b) (Naut.) A sounding line.
a leaden polishing wheel, used by lapidaries.
(Min.), a massive sulphur-yellow oxide of lead. Same as Massicot.
a pencil of which the marking material is graphite (black lead).
(Bot.), a low leguminous plant, genus Amorpha (A. canescens), found in the Northwestern United States, where its presence is supposed to indicate lead ore. Gray.
(a) (Bot.) A West Indian name for the tropical, leguminous tree, Leucæna glauca; -- probably so called from the glaucous color of the foliage. (b) (Chem.) Lead crystallized in arborescent forms from a solution of some lead salt, as by suspending a strip of zinc in lead acetate.
a miner's term for blende.
a scarlet, crystalline, granular powder, consisting of minium when pure, but commonly containing several of the oxides of lead. It is used as a paint or cement and also as an ingredient of flint glass.
Red lead ore
Sugar of lead
acetate of lead.
To arm the lead
to fill the hollow in the bottom of a sounding lead with tallow in order to discover the nature of the bottom by the substances adhering. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
cast, or heave
to cast the sounding lead for ascertaining the depth of water.
hydrated carbonate of lead, obtained as a white, amorphous powder, and much used as an ingredient of white paint.