1. One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.
"And kept back part of the price, . . . and brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles'feet." -- Acts v. 2.
"Our ideas of extension and number -- do they not contain a secret relation of the parts ?" -- Locke.
"I am a part of all that I have met." -- Tennyson.
2. Hence, specifically: (a) An equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is composed; proportional division or ingredient.
"An homer is the tenth part of an ephah." -- Ex. xvi. 36.
"A thought which, quartered, hath but one part wisdom, And ever three parts coward." -- Shak.
(b) A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.
"All the parts were formed . . . into one harmonious body." -- Locke.
"The pulse, the glow of every part." -- Keble.
(c) A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective sense. "Men of considerable parts." Burke. "Great quickness of parts." Macaulay.
"Which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them." -- Shak.
(d) Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural. "The uttermost part of the heaven." Neh. i. 9.
"All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and fears." -- Dryden.
(e) (Math.) Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make that quantity; as, 3 is a part of 12; -- the opposite of multiple. Also, a line or other element of a geometrical figure.
3. That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.
"We have no part in David." -- 2 Sam. xx. 1.
"Accuse not Nature! she hath done her part; Do thou but thine." -- Milton.
"Let me bear My part of danger with an equal share." -- Dryden.
4. Hence, specifically: (a) One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a controversy; a faction.
"For he that is not against us is on our part." -- Mark ix. 40.
"Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part." -- Waller.
(b) A particular character in a drama or a play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in real life. See To act a part, under Act.
"That part Was aptly fitted and naturally performed." -- Shak.
"It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a calf." -- Shak.
"Honor and shame from no condition rise; Act well your part, there all the honor lies." -- Pope.
(c) (Mus.) One of the different melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, the treble, tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc.
For my part
so far as concerns me; for my share.
For the most part
See under Most, a.
In good part
as well done; favorably; acceptably; in a friendly manner. Hooker.
In ill part
unfavorably; with displeasure.
in some degree; partly.
Part and parcel
an essential or constituent portion; -- a reduplicative phrase. Cf. might and main, kith and kin, etc. "She was . . . part and parcel of the race and place." Howitt.
Part of speech
(Gram.), a sort or class of words of a particular character; thus, the noun is a part of speech denoting the name of a thing; the verb is a part of speech which asserts something of the subject of a sentence.
(Law), one of several owners or tenants in common. See Joint tenant, under Joint.
singing in which two or more of the harmonic parts are taken.
a song in two or more (commonly four) distinct vocal parts. "A part song differs from a madrigal in its exclusion of contrapuntual devices; from a glee, in its being sung by many voices, instead of by one only, to each part." Stainer & Barrett.
Syn. -- Portion; section; division; fraction; fragment; piece; share; constituent. See Portion, and Section.